Dzidza zvakawanda nezvekurapa tibhii nechikafu

Samar samy
2024-02-17T15:43:23+02:00
ruzivo rwakawanda
Samar samyChecked by EsraaZvita 3, 2023Yekupedzisira update: 3 mwedzi yapfuura

Kurapa chirwere cherurindi nechikafu

Kana zvasvika pakurapa tibhii, kurapwa kwezvinodhaka ndiro danho rakakosha. Asi panewo basa rinokosha rekudya kwakakodzera mukurapa chirwere ichi.

Kudya kwakanaka kunoita basa rakakosha mukusimudzira immune system uye kubatsira mukupora. Kune zvimwe zvekudya zvinosimbisa masoja emuviri uye zvinobatsira kurwisa TB zviri nani. Izvi zvinosanganisira zvokudya zvakapfuma muvhitamini C, vhitamini D, zingi, uye mapuroteni ane utano. Vitamin C inogona kuwanikwa mumichero yecitrus semaranjisi, mandimu uye sitirobheri. Vitamin D inogona kuwanikwa kubva kuzuva rakananga uye zvimwe zvekudya zvakaita sehove dzine mafuta nemazai. Zinc inogona kuwanikwa muzvikafu zvakaita senyama, nzungu uye zviyo. Mukuwedzera, iwe unofanirwa kungwarira kudya huwandu hwakakwana hwemapuroteni ane hutano kuti uwedzere kupora kwemuviri.

Nekutevedzera kwako kurapwa kwezvinodhaka uye kudya kunovaka muviri, unogona kuwedzera mikana yako yekubudirira kurapwa kwetibhii uye kuwedzera hutano hwako hwese.

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Chii chinonwiwa nemurwere wetibhii?

Hutano, kudya kwakaringana chikamu chakakosha chekurapa tibhii uye kuwedzera immune system. Pamusoro pezvokudya zvine mavhitamini nemamineral, murwere weTB anofanira kunwa mvura yakakwana kubatsira kuporesa nekurwisa kuzvimba.

Zvakakoshawo kudzivisa zvinwiwa zvinokurudzira zvakadai sekofi uye tii yakasviba, sezvo zvinogona kukanganisa kutorwa kwesimbi kubva muchikafu. Pane kudaro, iwe unofanirwa kunwa mvura yakawanda uye jisi dzepanyama, iyo izere nemavhitamini uye zvinovaka muviri.

Zvimwe zvinwiwa zvinogona kubatsira varwere veTB zvinosanganisira muto wekaroti, muto wematomatisi, uye remonade nemvura inodziya. Izvi zvinwiwa zvinowedzera kuyerera kweropa uye zvinokurudzira kupora.

Zvakare, usakanganwa kuomerera kumishonga yako yawakapihwa usati watanga chero shanduko pakudya kwako.

Tuberculosis murwere uye anorexia

Kana mumwe munhu ane tibhii, anogona kunzwa kurasikirwa nechido. Izvi zvinogona kunge zvichikonzerwa nezvikonzero zvakati wandei, kusanganisira zviratidzo zvine chekuita nechirwere ichi uye zvazvinoita pakugaya chikafu. Murwere anogona kunzwa kusvotwa uye kurasikirwa nechido nekuda kwekurwadziwa kwechipfuva uye kuneta kwakawanda kunogona kuperekedza chirwere.

Zvakakosha kuti murwere weTB adye kudya kunovaka muviri, kunovaka muviri kutsigira masoja emuviri wake uye kubatsira kurwisa chirwere ichi. Zvinogona kuomera vamwe varwere kuti vadye zvakanaka nekuda kwekurasikirwa nechido, asi kune mamwe matipi anogona kuteverwa kuti awedzere kuda kudya uye kuve nechokwadi chekudya kwakakwana.

Ipfungwa yakanaka kudya zvidiki, zvinogarodya muswere wese pane kudya zvakakura, zvisingaite. Kudya zvokudya zvinovaka muviri zvakadai semichero ichangobva kuibva, miriwo, uye zviyo zvingabatsira kuwedzera chido chokudya uye kuita kuti muviri udye zvokudya zvakawanda.

Zvakare, iwe unofanirwa kudzivirira kudya zvinorema uye zvine mafuta chikafu zvinogona kukonzera manzwiro ekuremerwa uye kusagadzikana mudumbu. Zvinwiwa zvakapfava uye zvinokurudzira zvakadai sekofi uye tii nhema zvinofanira kudziviswa, sezvo zvinogona kukanganisa chido uye kukonzera kusagadzikana kwekudya.

Murwere weTB anofanira kutevera kudya kunovaka muviri kuti ave nechokwadi chekudyiwa kwezvinovaka muviri zvinodiwa uye kutsigira kupora. Murwere angangoda kubvunza nyanzvi yezvekudya kuti awane nhungamiro yakasarudzika uye matanho ekudzivirira zvichienderana nemamiriro ehutano hwake uye zvinodiwa nemunhu.

Nzira yekubvisa sei tuberculosis?

Zvinosuruvarisa, tibhii chirwere chakakomba chinotapukira chinokanganisa hurongwa hwekufema. Zvisinei, kune tariro huru yokuti inogona kurapwa uye kubviswa zvachose. Kana uine kana kufungidzira kuti une tuberculosis, unogona kutora matanho ekubvisa chirwere ichi uye kuvandudza hutano hwako hwose.

Chokutanga uye chinonyanya kukosha, zvakakosha kutanga nemishonga yakakodzera yemishonga. Izvi zvingada kubvunzurudza chiremba ane unyanzvi uye kunyatsotevera mishonga yakanyorwa. Kurapa kunogona kutora nguva yakareba uye kunoda kushivirira uye kutsungirira.

Mukuwedzera kune kurapwa kwezvinodhaka, zvinokurudzirwawo kutevera kudya kwakanaka uye kwakagadzikana. Kudya chikafu chakapfuma muvhitamini nemamineral, semuriwo nemichero, zvinogona kusimbisa immune system uye kubatsira kupora. Iwe unofanirwawo kudzivisa kudya chikafu chine mafuta, zvinwiwa, uye zvinokuvadza zvigadzirwa zveindasitiri.

Chekupedzisira, unofanira kudzidzira hutsanana hwakanaka uye kudzivisa kuonana zvakananga nevamwe kuitira kuti usatapurira chirwere chacho. Kuchengeta maoko akachena uye kuageza nguva nenguva kwakakosha zvikuru mukudzivirira utachiona.

Muchidimbu, kuti ubvise tibhii, unofanirwa kutevedzera kurapwa kwezvinodhaka, kutevedzera kudya kune hutano, uye kuchengetedza hutsanana hwemunhu. Panguva imwecheteyo, iwe unofanirwa kuenderera mberi nekurapa nguva dzose uye kutevera nachiremba wako kuti uve nechokwadi chekuvandudza uye kuti chirwere hachidzoki.

Murwere weTB anonzwa nani?

Kana uchitanga kurapwa kwakanaka uye kwakaringana kwetibhii, murwere anogona kunzwa zviri nani mushure menguva pfupi. Kuvandudza kunowanzotanga mukati memavhiki maviri kusvika kumwedzi miviri yekutanga kurapwa. Zvisinei, nguva yokunzwa zviri nani inogona kusiyana pamunhu nomunhu.

Nekufamba kwenguva uye nekuenderera mberi kwekushandisa kurapwa kwakakodzera, varwere vanogona kunzwa kuenderera mberi kwekuvandudzwa kwehutano hwavo. Vanogona kuona kuvandudzwa kwezviratidzo zvavo zveTB zvinozivikanwa zvakadai sekuramba vachikosora, kupisa muviri, uye kuonda kusingatsananguriki.

Zvisinei, zvakakosha kuziva kuti kurapwa kunofanira kupedzwa maererano nemirairo chaiyo yezvokurapa uye kwenguva yakakwana. Murwere angasanzwa zviri nani zvachose kutozosvikira aomerera pakurapwa kwenguva yakati. Nokudaro, zvakakosha kuenderera mberi nekurapa uye kutevera nachiremba kuti uwane kupora kwakakwana kubva kune tibhii.

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Tibhii inogona kurapwa zvachose here?

Tuberculosis chirwere chinotapuriranwa chinokonzerwa nebhakitiriya rinonzi Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Munhu anogona kubatwa nechirwere cherurindi kana asangana nemabhakitiriya aya owanda mumuviri wake. Zvisinei, chakanaka ndechekuti TB inogona kurapika zvachose nekurapwa kwakakodzera uye kwakakodzera.

Kurapa kwechirwere cherurindi kunovaka muviri kunoita basa rakakosha mukutsigira kupora. Mukuwedzera pakutora mishonga inorwisa-tuberculosis inorayirwa nachiremba, zvinokurudzirwa kudya kudya kwakapfuma mune zvinovaka muviri zvakakosha kusimbisa masimba ezvirwere. Izvi zvingasanganisira kudya michero nemiriwo mitsva, mapuroteni ane utano, uye zvokudya zvine mavhitamini anokosha nemamineral akadai sevhitamini C, vhitamini D, uye zinc.

Zvinokurudzirwawo kurega zvinwiwa zvinodhaka, zvakakangwa uye zvine mafuta, uye zvinwiwa zvinyoro-nyoro, sezvo zvinogona kunetesa immune system uye kukanganisa kupora.

Iwe unofanirwa kuomerera kumishonga yemishonga inorayirwa nachiremba uye kutevera kudya kune utano kuti uve nechokwadi chokuti tibhii yapora zvachose.

Ko tibhii inotungamirira kuanemia here?

Tuberculosis chirwere chinotapukira chinowanzobata mapapu. Kunyange zvazvo tibhii ichigona kukonzera zvinetso zvakawanda zvoutano, hairangarirwi sechikonzero chakananga cheanemia.

Zvisinei, vamwe vanorwara vanogona kurasikirwa nechido chokudya uye kuora muviri, dzimwe nguva zvichiita kuti vapere ropa rinokonzerwa nokuderera kwehemoglobin muropa. Aya matambudziko ehutano emuviri mhedzisiro yekuda kwayo kudya kune hutano uye kwakaringana.

Kuti udzivise kupererwa neropa uye kukurudzira hutano hwakasimba panguva yetibhii, murwere anofanira kudya chikafu chine mavhitamini, zvicherwa uye mapuroteni. Zvokudya zvake zvinofanira kubatanidza michero, miriwo, zviyo, uye mapuroteni ane utano akadai senyama yakagochwa, hove, uye nzungu.

Muchidimbu, kunyange zvazvo tibhii isingakonzeri zvakananga kupererwa neropa, kudya kudya kwakanaka, kwakadzikama kunoita basa rinokosha mukuchengetedza hutano hwose paunenge uchipora kubva kuchirwere.

Nderupi rudzi rune ngozi zvikuru rwetibhii?

Tuberculosis ndechimwe chezvirwere zvinotapuriranwa zvakanyanya munyika. Izvi zvinoitika nekuda kwekusangana neMycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria inonzi Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Chirwere ichi chinogona kunyanya kubata mapapu, asi chinogonawo kupararira kune dzimwe nhengo dzemuviri dzakadai semapfupa, itsvo, uye uropi.

Pakati pemarudzi akasiyana eTB, TB isingaurayiwi nemishonga ndiyo ine ngozi zvikuru. Izvi zvinoreva kuti utachiona hunokonzera chirwere ichi hwave kurwisa mishonga yakawanda yakajairika inoshandiswa kuchirapa. TB isingarapike nemishonga idambudziko guru pautano hweveruzhinji, sezvo rakaomarara kurapa nekuisa pachena vanhu vane utachiona kunjodzi huru dzeutano.

Kuti tisabatwa nechirwere cherurindi, zvakakosha kutora matanho ekudzivirira anosanganisira kubaya majekiseni, kudzivirira kusangana nevanhu vane utachiona, uye kuchengetedza nharaunda yakachena. Kana tuberculosis ichifungidzirwa, zvakakosha kuti pakarepo ubvunze chiremba kuti aongorore chirwere chacho uye atange kurapwa kwakakodzera.

Mukaka unorambidzwa here kuvarwere veTB?

Hapana humbowo hwesainzi hwekudzivirira kunwa mukaka kune varwere veTB. Muchokwadi, mukaka chikafu chakapfuma mune zvakakosha zvinovaka muviri, mapuroteni uye calcium. Izvi zvakakosha zvekudya zvinogona kubatsira mukusimudzira immune system uye kusimbisa muviri mukurwisa zvirwere.

Zvisinei, maitiro emunhu ega ega pamukaka anogona kusiyana zvichienderana nekuti muviri unoufambisa sei. Vamwe vane chirwere cherurindi vanogona kusawirirana nemukaka kana kutadza kuugaya. Muzviitiko izvi, vanhu vanofanira kubvunza chiremba kuti vawane mazano chaiwo.

Ziva kuti kudzivirira mukaka hazvikodzeri kuvarwere veTB, asi unofanira kuterera nekuteerera muviri wako nemazano anopiwa nachiremba wako. Inogona kunge iri pfungwa yakanaka kudzivirira mukaka kana ukasangana nechero maitiro asina kunaka pauri, uye inogona kutsiviwa nemamwe maitiro akadai semiti-based milks.

Ndeapi matambudziko echirwere cherurindi?

Tuberculosis chirwere chinotapukira chinokonzerwa neMycobacterium tuberculosis, iyo inogona kukanganisa zvakawanda zvehutano uye hutano. Kusarapa TB nemazvo kunogona kukonzera matambudziko makuru.

Chimwe chezvinetso zvinowanzoitika zvechirwere chetachiona is pulmonary hemorrhage. Kana fibrosis mumapapu ikashanduka kuita mavanga, izvi zvinogona kukonzera kukuvadzwa kwetsinga dzeropa mumapapu uye kubuda ropa kwemacapillaries. Pulmonary hemorrhage inogona kukonzera matambudziko ekufema akadai sekunetseka kufema uye kupfupika kwekufema, uye izvi zvinogona kunge zvakakomba kana kupindira kwekurapa nekukurumidza kusingaitwe.

Rimwe dambudziko rakakomba retibhii chirwere cheParkinson. Varwere vane TB vane njodzi yakawedzerwa yekubatwa nechirwere cheParkinson, chirwere chetsinga chinokonzera zviratidzo zvakaita sekudedera uye kutadza kufamba. Vatsvaguri vanotenda kuti pane hukama pakati peMycobacterium tuberculosis uye kukuvadzwa kwemasero etsinga muuropi izvo zvinotungamira mukukura kwechirwere cheParkinson.

TB inogonawo kutungamirira kumanzwiro uye pfungwa. Varwere vakawanda vane TB vanotambura nokufunganya, kuora mwoyo, uye kuzviparadzanisa nevamwe. Kukanganisa kwepfungwa kwechirwere kunogona kukonzera kuderera kwemamiriro ezvinhu evaya vane TB uye kukanganisa kwehupenyu hwezuva nezuva.

Zvakakosha kuti chirwere cherurindi chirapwe nemazvo kudzivirira dambudziko guru iri. Varwere vanofanira kutevera kudya kwakanaka, kutora mishonga inorayirwa nguva dzose uye kuomerera kune mazano ekurapa kuti vave nechokwadi chekupora kwavo uye kuderedza dambudziko rematambudziko.

Tibhii inotungamirira kurufu here?

Mubvunzo uyu unogona kunetsa vanhu vakawanda vanorwara neTB. Asi mhinduro haisati iri hongu. Kutaura idi, tibhii inogona kurapwa nenzira inobudirira nechikafu ndokudziviswa kuti isakura kuva nhano yakakomba inotungamirira kurufu.

Kana mumwe munhu akabatwa netibhii, danho rinokosha zvikuru rokupora kutanga kurapwa kwakakodzera uye kutevera kudya kunovaka muviri, kunovaka muviri. Murwere anofanira kudya zvokudya zvine mavhitamini nemamineral anosimbisa utachiona hwake uye zvinomubatsira kurwisa utachiona. Zvokudya zvine mafuta uye zvakakangwa, zvinwiwa zvinonwiwa, uye shuga yakawandisa zvinofanirwa kudziviswa, sezvo zvinonetesa immune system uye zvinokanganisa kupora kwemurwere.

Vanhu vane tuberculosis vanofanirawo kutora mishonga yakatarwa nguva dzose uye kupedza nguva yekurapa inotsanangurwa nachiremba anorapa. Kukundikana kutevedzera kurapwa kunogona kukonzera kuwedzera kwengozi yekufambira mberi kwechirwere uye matambudziko.

Kazhinji, nekubvunza chiremba, kutevera kudya kunovaka muviri, uye kurapwa nguva dzose, vanhu vane chirwere chetachiona vanogona kuvandudza mukana wavo wekupora uye kudzivisa matambudziko makuru.

Ko tibhii inoonekwa pakuongororwa ropa here?

Tuberculosis chirwere chinotapukira chinokonzerwa neMycobacterium bacteria. Kana munhu akabatwa neutachiona uhwu, chirwere ichi chinogona kumuka chinokanganisa mapapu nedzimwe nhengo dzemuviri. Imwe yenzira dzakajairika dzekuongorora chirwere cherurindi ndechekuongorora ropa murabhoritari.

Zvisinei, mhinduro yakanaka yekuongorora ropa haisi nzira yakarurama yekuona tibhii. Kuongororwa kweropa kunogona kuve kwakakosha pakuona kuvepo kwehutachiona hwemycobacterium, asi hazvina kukwana kusimbisa kuongororwa. Kuwedzera bvunzo kungave kuri madikanwa kuratidza kuvepo kwechirwere.

Saka, kana paine kusava nechokwadi kuti une tibhii, zviri nani kubvunza chiremba ane hunyanzvi uyo anoongorora mamiriro ako uye oraira bvunzo dzinodiwa kuti uongororwe. Iwe unofanirwa kuziva kuti kurapwa kwetibhii kunowanzo nemishonga inorwisa tibhii kwenguva yakareba uye nekutevera nguva nenguva kuti uve nechokwadi chekupindura kurapwa.

Ndeipi nguva yekutora mushonga wechirwere chetachiona?

Kana munhu akaonekwa kuti ane chirwere chetachiona, kurapwa kwechirwere chetachiona kunorayirwa kunosanganisira mishonga yakawanda inorwisa mabhakitiriya. Iyo dosing hurongwa uye yakatarwa nguva yekurapa inotarwa zvichienderana nehunhu hwemunhu kesi.

Kurapa TB kunowanzoitwa kwemwedzi mitanhatu kusvika kupfumbamwe. Kazhinji, murwere anoda kunwa mishonga yeTB kwenguva yakareba kuti utachiona hwacho hupere uye kuti husadzoke.

Zvakakosha kuyeuchidza munhu ane TB kutora mishonga yake nenguva uye nguva nenguva. Kuregedza kunwa kwemushonga kana kuumisa nekukurumidza kunogona kukonzera kugadzirwa kwemhando dzisingaite zvinodhaka uye chirwere ichi kudzoka.

Kunyangwe TB yapora, munhu anofanirwa kuramba achitevera nzira dzekurapwa uye kuwana rubatsiro rwezvehutano nguva nenguva kuti aone kuti chirwere hachidzoke.

Chirwere cherurindi chinotapurirwa nekubata here?

Tuberculosis chirwere chinotapuriranwa chinokonzerwa nemhando yebhakitiriya inonzi Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Kunyangwe zvazvo TB ichinyanya kutapuriranwa nemhepo kana munhu ane utachiona akakosora kana kuhotsira, inogona kutapuriranwa zvakare nekubatwa.

Kazhinji, kusangana nemunhu ane TB pasina dziviriro yakakwana, sekupfeka mask yekudzivirira yakakodzera, mukana wekutapurira hutachiona. Utachiona hunogona kutamiswa nekubata nzvimbo yakasvibiswa semidziyo yakagovaniswa, sendiro kana zvipunu.

Asi kashoma kuti tibhii ritapurwe nekubata chete, pasina kugarosangana nemunhu ane utachiona. Iwe unofanirwa kutora matanho anodiwa kuti usabatwa nechirwere chetachiona, uye zviri nani kutevedzera chirongwa chakataurwa nemasangano ehutano. Kana iwe uchifungidzira kuti une tuberculosis, zvinokurudzirwa kuti ushanyire chiremba kuti uongorore zvakakodzera uye kurapwa kwechiitiko chacho.

Tibhii inopararira nokukurumidza here?

Furuwenza, dzihwa, dzihwa, uye zvimwe zvirwere zvinotapukira zvinopararira nokukurumidza pakati pavanhu, asi tibhii inoonekwawo seimwe yeidzi hosha dzinopararira nokukurumidza here?

Kutaura zvazviri, tuberculosis chirwere chisingaperi chinotapukira chisingaparadziri nokukurumidza sezvirwere zvakadai sefuruwenza. Tuberculosis inoparadzirwa neutachiona hweTB hunokonzera zvirwere hunotapurirwa vamwe nemhepo kubva kumunhu ane utachiona, kazhinji apo munhu ane utachiona akakosora, kuhotsira, kana kuti kutaura zvinonzwika uye anobudisa madonhwe ane utachiona uhwu.

Asi, usazvidya mwoyo, nokuti kupararira kwetibhii kunotsamira pazvinhu zvakawanda, zvakadai sokusapinza mhepo zvakanaka munzvimbo dzine vanhu vakawanda, gadziriro isina simba yokudzivirira zvirwere, uye kudzivirirwa kwakashata pautachiona. Naizvozvo, zvakakosha kutevedzera matanho ekudzivirira, kusimbisa immune system, uye kuve nechokwadi chekufefetera kwakanaka kuderedza kupararira kwechirwere cherurindi.

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